Spatial Separation Calculators
Spatial Separation Calculator
The concept of spatial separation ensures that buildings are spaced far enough apart that fire is unlikely to spread from one building to another by thermal radiation. Both National Building Code of Canada, Ontario Building Code, Manitoba Building Code, British Columbia Building Code, and Alberta Building Code contain tables from which the percentage of unprotected openings that are permitted in a building or compartment are calculated.
- Exposing building face = 10 m x 3.5 m = 35 m
- Limiting distance = 3.5 m
- Occupancy = Group D
When read from Table 220.127.116.11.D the percentage of unprotected openings is between 30 m2 and 40 m2 on the vertical axis and between 3 m and 4 m on the horizontal axis as highlighted by the red box. The permitted percentage of unprotected openings is interpolated between the values as 57%. Therefore, up to 57% of the exposing building face is permitted to be unprotected.
The first calculator below shows the values from Tables 18.104.22.168.D and E for sprinklered Part 3 buildings.
The second calculator below shows the values from Tables 22.214.171.124.B and C for non-sprinklered Part 3 buildings.
Where the limiting distance or exposing building face area is between values on the respective table the calculator will interpolate between the values. Interpolation between the values is widely accepted by the Authority Having Jurisdiction.
Simply enter the width, height, and limiting distance and the let the calculator do the rest.
* Persons preparing spatial separation calculations should review the applicable parts of the NBC, OBC, BCBC, ABC, or other applicable code.
** The calculator does not consider reductions in spatial separation where a building or compartment faces a street such as in NBC/OBC 126.96.36.199, open air parking garages, or low fuel load building under NBC/OBC/BCBC/ABC 188.8.131.52. This calculator is designed to be an informational and educational tool only.
Disclaimer and Copyright
The preparation of spatial separation calculations is the responsibility of the individual designer (architect, engineer, or other) that prepares the drawings/calculations. We strongly recommend engaging a code consultant such as Vortex Fire Consulting Inc. if you do not feel confident in preparing the calculations yourself. The calculator provided is not intended in any way as engineering advice or services, or as a solicitation for any engineering product or service. Any results from use of these calculators may not be applicable or accurate with regard to the individual circumstances, cannot be relied upon for anything, including, without limitation, engineering/architectural designs or decisions, and should not be the basis for any action or inaction on your part.